Abkhazia in antiquity

Along with the rest of Colchis, the territory of modern-day Abkhazia was conquered by Mithridates VI Eupator of Pontus between c. 110 and 63 BC, and then taken by the Roman commander Pompey

The Rise of Laz Kingdom

Along with the rest of Colchis, the territory of modern-day Abkhazia was conquered by Mithridates VI Eupator of Pontus between c. 110 and 63 BC, and then taken by the Roman commander Pompey. With the downfall of the Roman Empire, the Colchian tribes living in the region gained some independence, nominating their rulers who were to be confirmed by Rome.

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The rise of an early Georgian kingdom of Colchis

A major Georgian tribal union emerged in the 13th century BC on the eastern Black Sea coast which resulted in creation of the powerful Kingdom of Colchis in the western Georgia. According to most classic authors, this early Georgian kingdom stretched from the borders of Pontus and included territories as far as the river Corax (present day Bzyb river, Abkhazia, Georgia).

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